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Словообразование в английском языке: Word formation.
28.02.2016, 16:47

Word formation

 

In a sentence or text you have to change the form of a word, e.g. from a noun to an adjective, or from a verb to a noun. For example:

The _____ was very nervous.    SING

You have to complete the sentence with the person noun (singer). You change the verb (sing) into the person noun (singer).

 

·         Look at the word you have to change. Which words do you know that are in the same word family?

·         The beginning of the word is often the same and the end of the word changes.

·         What form is the new word? A verb? A noun? An adjective? An adverb?

·         Nouns (существительные) often end: -ment, -ion, -ness, -ity: profession, happiness, environment…

·         People nouns often end (существительные, называющие людей) : -er, -or, -ist, -ian: doctor, writer, cyclist…

·         Adjectives (прилагательные) often end: -able, -ible, -ive, -al, -ic, -ed, -ing, -ful: interesting, personal, wonderful, interested…

·         Some verbs (глаголы) end: -ise, -ate, -en.

·         Adverbs (наречия) often end: -ly, -y: lucky, slowly

·         Is the new word negative (отрицательные слова)? If so, you may need a prefix, e.g. un- (unhappy), im- (impolite), in- (inexperienced), dis- (dishonest), etc.

·         If you don’t know the new word, guess. You may be right!

·         Check your answers carefully when you finish.

 

 

1. He gets a lot of   from football.      ENJOY

2. Money doesn’t always bring .        HAPPY.

3. I want to be a  when I’m older. SCIENCE

4. It’s snowing. You need to ride your bike     CAREFUL.

5. There lived a  girl called Cinderella.  BEAUTY

6.The  of this story is very interesting. BEGIN

7. He is going to be a .   PAINT

8. I can’t believe he is .  POLITE

9. The weather is getting   and  .     BAD

10. We study how to write  letters at our English lessons.  PERSON

 

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